Autism Spectrum Disorders

There are several Autism Spectrum Disorders which include PDD (Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Asperger’s Syndrome, Rett’s Syndrome and High-Functioning Autism.


Asperger syndrome: A milder form of autism where children tend to isolate themselves socially and are somewhat eccentric. They have difficulty with verbal communication and have interests that are very channeled.

If an infant does not cuddle, make eye contact or respond  to affection  and touching, or have abnormal responses to a combination of senses; such as hearing, balance, smell, taste and reaction to pain, parents should be seriously concerned.

This lack of responsiveness may be accompanied by an inability to communicate appropriately, and by a persistent failure to develop two-way social relationships. The language skills may be poor, even nonexistent, sometimes repeating words or phrases in place of normal language or using gestures and pointing instead of words.

Pervasive Developmental Disorder and not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) – This child has autism but doesn’t meet the criteria for high functioning autism.

High-Functioning Autism – This child has autism but has normal learning and cognitive and learning skills. Language development is difficult initially but they become proficient eventually.

Rett’s Syndrome

This disorder affects only female and is extremely rare affecting only only one in 100,000 children. This disorder starts with hand wringing movements that are so dramatic that a child may have problems feeding themselves. These children may also develop the criteria for autism as well.


Visit these sites for more information
Autism Society of AmericaAsperger and PDD Information by MAAP Services

National Institutes of Mental Health on Rett’s Syndrome

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